Lifestyle-related diseases and metabolic syndrome
Fear of lifestyle-related diseases
The top three causes of death in Japan are malignant neoplasms (cancer), heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease, all of which are known to be associated with lifestyle-related habits.
Diseases in which “lifestyle” is greatly involved in the onset and progression are called “lifestyle-related diseases”. Lifestyle-related lifestyles that pose a risk of illness include smoking, drinking alcohol, eating, exercising, and resting / sleeping. Although the link between smoking and cancer is well known, unhealthy lifestyles contribute to a variety of illnesses.
The scary thing about lifestyle-related diseases is that daily habits gradually have a negative effect on the body, and if you notice it, it becomes a fatal disease. Even if you do not die, your daily life may be hindered or you may need long-term care.
In addition, because it is a habit that the cause of the disease is acquired, it is difficult to remove it, and the disease becomes chronic and progresses.
How to prevent lifestyle-related diseases
As the name suggests, “lifestyle-related diseases” contribute to lifestyle-related diseases, so “good lifestyle-related diseases” are effective for countermeasures and prevention. The keywords for good lifestyles are “one, two, and three.”
No smoking / No smoking … Do not smoke
● Two small
meals … Keep meals in the eighth minute of your stomach ・ Snacks …
Try to save alcohol
● Santa ・ Hyperactivity…
Move your body even a little, such as “Standing rather than sitting” “Walking rather than riding”
・ Many rests… Take a good rest (sleep around 7 hours)
・ Many contacts… Contact many people , Add sharpness to your daily life
Please keep these in mind and make a good lifestyle.
A bad lifestyle habit of “one, two, three, and three,” which is the opposite of this keyword, tends to upset the balance between energy intake and consumption, and tends to cause obesity. Obesity is closely related to lifestyle-related diseases, but among obesity, “visceral fat obesity”, which has an excessive accumulation of visceral fat, has become a “metabolic syndrome” with a very high risk of developing lifestyle-related diseases. It may be.
What is Metabolic Syndrome?
Metabolic syndrome is also called “visceral fat syndrome”, and as the name suggests, it is premised on visceral fat obesity with excessive accumulation of fat around the viscera, and hypertension, abnormal serum lipids, and hypertension. The state that combines the above is shown.
In general adult male obesity, excessive accumulation of visceral fat is often seen, and caution is required especially for those who have gained 10% or more of body weight compared to when they were in their twenties. There is no doubt that a significant portion of the weight gained is stored as visceral fat. If you are gaining weight and have symptoms of hypertension, serum lipid abnormalities (high-neutral lipidemia, low HDLemia), and hyperglycemia, we recommend that you improve your lifestyle immediately.
By the way, this metabolic syndrome is a symptom peculiar to adult men and has little to do with premenopausal adult women. This is due to the different types of fat that men and women get on their bodies. Premenopausal women are less likely to develop metabolic syndrome because they are less likely to accumulate visceral fat. After menopause, visceral fat accumulates in the same way as men, so caution is required from the age of 50 onwards.
In order not to become metabolic syndrome
How can you reduce your risk of developing metabolic syndrome?
Behind the metabolic syndrome is an excessive accumulation of visceral fat, so first try to change to a lifestyle that reduces visceral fat.
As a rule of thumb, men in their 30s and older should not gain more than 10% of their weight compared to when they were in their 20s.
Originally, when diagnosing metabolic syndrome, the most accurate method is to measure the area of visceral fat by CT examination. The area of pathological visceral fat is medically considered to be 150 cm2 or more, and it is said that the disease prevalence is overwhelmingly higher in people with 150 cm2 or more among those with 100 cm2 to 150 cm2 and those with 150 cm2 or more. I know that. There is also a difference when comparing people with a size of 100 cm2 or less and people with a size of 100 cm2 to 150 cm2. Just because you have 100 cm2 or more does not mean that you have metabolic syndrome immediately, but it is 100 cm2 as a guideline for suspicion of illness.
Converting this to abdominal circumference, it is 85 cm for men and 90 cm for women. Measuring the abdominal circumference means that the area of visceral fat can be estimated by a very simple method.
To understand the state of visceral fat in more detail
Measuring the abdominal circumference is the first step to knowing whether or not you have metabolic syndrome, but this alone may not be enough to make an appropriate decision.
For example, even if you don’t have a lot of visceral fat, if you have a lot of muscle, your abdominal circumference will be large. This condition is, of course, not a metabolic syndrome.
If you use a body composition monitor, you can easily grasp the state of visceral fat as the visceral fat level. Since this visceral fat level is analyzed based on the state of body muscles and fat, it is possible to grasp the state of visceral fat more easily and concretely than measuring the abdominal circumference.
It can be said that it is very important to manage your body composition on a daily basis using a body composition meter.